Church Land Programme

This is messy, this is hard work, this is The Gospel

World Development & Relief work closely with Christian Aid Ireland, co-funding two development partners. One of these is Church Land Programme in South Africa. In November 2018, Rev. Paul Maxwell visited this partner with a group from Christian Aid. Here Paul reflects on his visit and what we can learn from our friends in South Africa. 


Last autumn I had the privilege of travelling to South Africa with Christian Aid to represent the Methodist Church in Ireland and World Development and Relief. Christian Aid wished to take a small group of emerging church leaders from the UK and Ireland to visit one of the projects they partner in South Africa. 

On Saturday 3rd November the Ven. Martin Gorrick, Archdeacon of Oxford, Rev. Canon Dr. Ellen Loudon, Director of Social Justice in the Diocese of Liverpool and myself met in Heathrow Airport along with three staff members from Christian Aid to began our journey to South Africa. 

In South Africa, (minus my luggage for 36 hours!) we were met and hosted by Graham Philpott, Director of Church Land Programme (CLP). CLP are based in the city of Pietermaritzburg, an hour north of Durban, in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. During our seven, non-stop, days we travelled around Pietermaritzburg and Durban seeing the work that CLP are involved in and meeting various groups and organisations who work alongside CLP. Our trip included a welcome and briefing about CLP, a tour of Pietermaritzburg, discussions with Abahlali leadership at their offices, visits to two settlements to discuss in-situ upgrading and women's issues, a reflection session with Bishop Rubin Phillips in one of the settlements, a sleep over in another settlement, attending a conference and discussion with the University of KwaZulu-Natal, watching a Padkos documentary about land and extractives, discussion with Paulo Freire Institute about methodology, debrief sessions with CLP staff, a visit to a game reserve and a Sunday service at a local Pentecostal church.

For a number of years both Christian Aid and World Development & Relief have been journeying with and supporting CLP. In 2018, WDR’s service material focused on the story of David Ntseng, programme manager at CLP and some of the communities that they work with.  

A personal highlight for me was the day and a half spent in Durban with Abahlali baseMjondolo. Abahlaliis a movement of shack-dwellers and other impoverished people in South Africa. It is the largest popular movement outside of party politics and trade unions in South Africa but has its strongest base in Durban. It has over 55,000 members.  

Due to its opposition of evictions and their stances on land rights, Abahlali finds itself in constant conflict with those in authorities. During our time with Abahlaliwe heard many harrowing stories from people who live in various settlements around Durban. People told us of multiple evictions, arson attacks and physical assaults. One lady shared how her husband had been shot eight times and has been left permanently disabled. 

Cato Manor

Cato Manor

During our time with Abahlali, we were taken to Cato Manor, a settlement, built in 2016 and made up of roughly 300 homes. Here, we were told of how the authorities regularly cut off the electricity and water supply (2-3 times a week) and how they regularly face attempted demolishing of their homes from the wider community and the authorities. 

With the help of Abahlali and CLP, the settlement in Cato Manor has built a community hall which was officially opened in December after our visit. We were taken into this hall and met with many of the local people. One of the community leaders told us how the people in power and the people living around them see them as criminals and no-bodies. He said to us “However, your visit gives us dignity. The fact that you have come to us from the UK and Ireland means so much to us.” A lady from the community shared with us of a time when she came home to find her house being demolished. She started to take pictures with her phone to use as evidence and was shot in the eye. 

Hearing these stories and seeing the conditions the people were living in filled me with a great sadness and anger. As I listened to people speak about the lack of involvement in their struggle by the church I found myself asking why was the church not doing more for these people.

I was also beginning to feel quite scared for the next stage of our trip. From Cato Manor we were taken on a 30 minute drive to a different part of Durban to another settlement in Briardene. 

Briardene

Briardene

This settlement was much bigger and more densely populated that the one we had just come from. We were met by the community leaders who provided us with a beautiful dinner and showed us to our accommodation for the night. I was sharing a room with one of the Christian Aid staff, Ven. Martin Gorrick and Thapelo Mohapi, General Secretary of Abahlali, whose home this was. Thapelo’s wife, who was pregnant with triplets and her sister moved out for the night to accommodate us. 

The front door of my accomodation

The front door of my accomodation

Having heard about the violence and intimidation earlier in the day I really did not know what to expect in Briardene. I certainly did not expect to be spending my evening playing pool, watching Liverpool lose in the Champions League on the TV, socialising with the locals and dancing to some local music. It was an incredible evening of fun and fellowship. Thankfully there are no videos! The whole time I was in Briardene I never felt like an outsider. I was welcomed and accepted into the community. In fact, the way the people treated me made me feel like I had always been there. 

However, I was keenly aware that right beside us were middle-class housing surrounded by security fences and people who did not want these people there. I was also reflecting on the questions I had been asking around the lack of involvement from the local church when I suddenly found myself thinking about my manse in Carlow. Right beside us there is an empty field. During the summer a couple of homeless people put up two tents and I suddenly thought to myself how would I feel if that field beside me suddenly filled up with tents and people living in them? Instantaneously my anger at the local church turned to guilt. 

One question that I have not been able to stop thinking about since coming home has been this: If Christian Aid was to bring a group of church leaders from South Africa to Ireland where are the places where people might say, “The church in Ireland does not care about us”? 

There is certainly great need where the church can, and sometimes does, intervene. My mind goes towards the 1,728 families who in November 2018 were accessing emergency accommodation in Ireland including 3,811 children,[1]the 450 families in Carlow who reported domestic violence to Carlow Women’s Aid in 2018 and, the families who received just over 900 food parcels from The Food Pantry in Carlow. My own church, Carlow Methodist, has been involved in some of these responses but there is a challenge to every local church to see the need and to respond in a real way.

It is easy to travel across the world and see injustice, to stand in solidarity and speak out but it is much harder for us to do so on our own door step. This is messy, this is hard work, this is the Gospel and as we seek to live out our calling as followers of Christ there is an awful lot we can learn from Graham Philpott and Church Land Programme. 

  

[1]https://www.focusireland.ie/resource-hub/about-homelessness/

Constantly Learning

Rev. Jools Hamilton co-led a team of young adults from the Methodist Church in Ireland to South Africa, to explore themes of justice and leadership. As part of their visit, the team spent some time with the Church Land Programme (WDR Partner). Here Jools shares some thoughts on their work and the uphill battle they face. 

Sometimes things have to get worse before they get better. And we need the eyes to see that.

The Church Land Program in South Africa, is a great example of pushing back some of the injustices of this world hectare by hectare. It was established in 1996 to help face some of the injustices from the years of colonial rule and apartheid.

Historically when a colonial power steps in, it usually does so with superior military might, and that superiority is used to forcefully take what has not been theirs, and hold it by force. In a South African context this has meant violent capture of resource (land) followed by brutal defense of it. 

When everything changed in 1994 land became a big agenda item for the churches. All the mainline churches found themselves as significant landowners, in a land where their members were landless. Land the Church now owned, in a privileged position, which historically had belonged to many people sitting in it’s pews. An interesting position for an organization that’s exists on the example of a Christ who washed his followers feet? 

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Since 1996 CLP has been involved in different ways to return land to black land owners, and have the land (a vital place of identity and resource in the African continent) as a sustainable and just component of life for everyone.

They are on an uphill battle, and they fight it well. 

But here’s the thing. 

There were more evictions of black and colored people in South Africa from white owned land during the 10 years after apartheid than the 10 years before apartheid ended.

Political agreement has not brought Peace. 

In a land where, as apartheid ended, white people were 13% of the population owning 80% of the land, change had to be strategized and resourced with bold action. The work of the Church Land Program, its ‘raison d’être’ of speeding up land reform, is a light of actionable hope in the midst of the giants of capitalism, colonial history, human nature and socio–geo–political obstinance corruption and incompetence.

And so they are clear – they don’t think they have ‘arrived at a solution’ and aim to implement it. They have been on a 20–year journey from fixing the problem to discovering the same solution doesn’t work everywhere, to now being in solidarity with those in the struggle. They are therefore in a constant place of learning.

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The time I and a team of young leaders from the Methodist Church in Ireland spent with them recently challenged all of us to, as per their example, be in a constant place of reflective learning and practice. 

Yet – how can I listen to their story and not feel my heart sink?

More people were thrown off land in the 10 years after apartheid than the precious 10 years. Cleansing ‘space’ to keep ‘self’ guarded and safe? 

Belfast has more ‘peace walls’ now than it did when the Good Friday Agreement was signed. Building walls to keep ‘us’ in and ‘them’ out, to keep ‘self’ guarded and safe?

There are better ways to keep humans grounded and safe that do not involve building walls, creating segregation and sectarian violence … it was a pleasure to witness just one of many groups concerned with a just and sustainable solution to land distribution in one part of the world that has suffered massively from issues of the land giving leadership and inspiration in this area.

Visit their website to learn more: http://www.churchland.org.za/ 

[This post originally appeared on www.joolshamilton.com]

Church Land Programme & Solidarity Relationships

... a case from South Africa

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The Church Land Programme (CLP) - based in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa - and Irish Methodist World Development & Relief and Christian Aid (CA) are walking together on a solidarity journey which connects locally and globally, south-north and south-south in a unique way. This approach of solidarity with those who are systematically excluded, contains important learning for a changing world that increasingly searches for new ways of engaging in development.

CLP works to affirm, learn from and journey with those who are systematically excluded and impoverished in their struggles related to land and justice. Within South Africa, CLP connects with local formations of activists, some formal and others less formal, but emphasize that all are equally important to assert humanity and dignity, resisting forces that want to dehumanize communities.

CLP call their core approach “Animation”. This involves an iterative process that applies the learning and action cycle in people’s specific situations and with the intention that they mobilise themselves to act to change that situation in ways that they decide. CLP's work includes Rural and Urban Access to Land and Service Provision, Land rights Defence, Livelihoods Groups and Mutual Support.

The local dimension – CLP solidarity with communities

Among the formal local solidarity examples is the relationship with Abahlali base Mjondoli – the Shack-dwellers movement(Abahlali) which now has an audited membership of over 50,000. Abahlali fully sets the agenda, CLP does not dictate projects to Abahlali but over the last years has been walking alongside them in Solidarity, eg. CLP offers training of new community branches and expert advice and support in the strategic process.

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CLP attends Abahlali’s general assemblies, monthly national council meetings and political education camps allowing ongoing interaction with leaders enables feedback from leaders and ordinary members. CLP engages directly on two levels with the overall Abahlali hub collective (as a grouping of many communities) and on request with communities directly – in a flexible and adaptive way. Two Thirds of active participants in Abahlali are women, increasingly also in Leadership. 

Another example of a decade-long solidarity relationship is between CLP and the Roosboom United Churches Committee, which after a decade of advocacy finally achieved compensation for their Churches destroyed in the 1970s during the Apartheid era. Some of these Churches are now finally being rebuilt (see photos). Again, it is the community leading the efforts and setting priorities but CLP walking along with them and supporting the process and advising on legal and organizational aspects.

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Among the more informal struggles: some communities identified a new threat in the form of “fracking” (exploration for methane gas): The extractives industry is recently targeting certain areas of KwaZulu Natal and attaining exploration rights completely disregarding the communities that live there, potentially affecting their livelihoods, and possibly even displacing communities in future.

Adding the global connections:

Christian Aid’s South Africa Programmeenables connections, with a direct flexible funding of CLP’s organizational plan 2017-19 which helps enable the CLP approach of “Animation” and allows CLP the flexibility to engage with new opportunities and priorities like the emerging fracking struggle mentioned above. This is adaptive programming really driven by the needs and priorities of communities which emerge during regular dialogue and reflection.

However, Christian Aid also connects with communities in the north. For example, we are arranging long-distance skype “Contextual Scripture Sessions” connecting people affected by “fracking” in both KwaZulu Natal, SA and Lancashire, UK. This is intentionally not a generic conversation but a specific two-way solidarity issue that really affects people’s lives. Otherwise CA supports CLP in monitoring and strengthening their collection of evidence and organizational capacity, as well as connecting via the Global Network, for example with Brazil. 

The Irish Methodist Church, through World Development & Relief, allows scale up of the CA core funding, with some additional funding which allows CLP to reach more people (in 2017 a total of 1,983 women and 580 women directly participated with an additional indirect reach of 17,000) but critically without adding to CLPs reporting burden nor adding inflexible project-style targets or indicators as all reporting happens jointly via Christian Aid and the flexible Solidarity “Animation” approach is fully respected – with CLP setting its own priorities and objectives which in turn are fully guided by the priorities of the communities. 

However, again this is far more than funding. the Irish Methodists also participate in the closer solidarity relationship. There have been visits from the Irish Methodist Church leaders and members without the burden of needing to formally “monitor” more in depth (a task left for Christian Aid in agreement, again avoiding duplication) but to understand the lived experience of the communities. For 2018 an extended youth event visit is planned by the Irish Methodists in this same understanding. In 2017 there was also a Communication visit with videos and photos – resulting in the photos used here (and many more) – which in turn allowed the Irish Methodists to bring this relationship closer to the Irish congregations. 

Christian Aid Ireland (CAI) has made this connection possible. CAI administers the relationship with several Irish church supporter groups – notably with the Methodist Church in Ireland through World Development & Relief in this case, and also helps to increase visibility of the work & the communities’ struggles for dignity. CLP has previously been invited (via Christian Aid Ireland) to engage in Ireland with the Irish Churches. 

These solidarity relationships enabled learning also for a new emerging effort by some European and South(ern) African members of the global ACT Alliance through the South Africa Ubumbano Solidarity hub process. This video  shows the momentum towards our aim of creating a joint solidarity model of European and local ACT alliance members with South(ern) African partners with a shift of power towards the Global South. CLP has given major input into the thinking of this new approach and both CLP and CA are on the Ubumbano Solidarity Hub advisory group which is the main decision-making body of this joint network.

In all the work with communities, CLP attempts to build spaces rather than bridges, and invite others also globally to be part of this effort. Two headline questions guide all this work: 

1.    Are we holding the right boundaries (respecting democratic process without imposing)?

2.    Are people and communities acting for themselves – building their own common vision? 

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Text compiled by Gerhard Buttner, Christian Aid South Africa Programme Manager - May 2018